Archive for July, 2014

Kia Cosmos AM828

July 30, 2014

The last part on Korean buses in Singapore.
The AM828 was the third generation of medium bus manufactured by Kia Motors. The first generation was the AM808 manufactured by Asia Motors, a company which was bought over by Kia. The AM808 was based on the Japanese Hino Rainbow RJ. AM808 was replaced by the AM818 in 1989. It uses a 6728cc Hino H07C engine. In 1997 the new AM828 began production. This bus also made use of Hino engine, the 7412cc Hino H07D. The production run of this model came to an end in 2002 without any replacement.
The AM828 were shipped in chassis form and bodied by local bus builders. Majority were registered during the period 2000 to 2001. Two of the direct competitor in this category of 9m buses were the Nissan SM217L and Fuso RK117J. Most of the Kia buses were built by Liannex. This is one of the Liannex AM828 which was still badged as Asia Motors :

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The frontal design is a copy of the European model Stergo built by Spanish company Beulas SAU :

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Only two of the AM828 were built by SC Auto using the SC Classic design :

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Acknowledgement : Wikimedia Commons

Kia Combi AM/KM825

July 23, 2014

Continuing the story of Korean buses in Singapore….
The KM825 Combi is a minibus built from 1983 to 2002. The bus was first manufactured by Asia Motors and the earlier generation carried the Asia badge at the front :

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Asia Motors has been owned by Kia since 1976. This minibus was based on the Mazda Parkway minibus. It share the same body as the Mazda Parkway except for the front grille and lights. This is a Mazda Parkway :

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The bus is a 17 seater with 5 speed manual gearbox and powered by a Mazda ZB diesel engine. Majority of the KM825 in Singapore were registered between 1999 to 2005. Following the 1999 merger of Kia and Hyundai, the Asia sub-brand vanished by 2000. The vehicle was rebadged as the Kia Combi :

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Its direct competitors were Mitsubishi Rosa and Toyota Coaster.

Made in Korea

July 16, 2014

Korean buses are not common in Singapore as compared to Malaysia. There are only three Korean full size coaches used by local operators. This is the one and only one Daewoo BX212 Royal Hi-Decker registered as PA6152K in 2006 :

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This coach is shipped to Singapore in completely built up (CBU) form. It is 12m in length and seats 45 passengers. It is powered by a 6 cylinder 11051cc Daewoo DE12TIS engine with 6 speed manual gear box.

The other two Korean coaches were Daewoo Royal Star BH090 operated by Hong Tai. Both were registered in 2006 as PZ1711Z and PZ1788C. Unlike the BX212, these two coaches were shipped to Singapore in chassis form and bodied locally by Soon Chow with frontal style similar to the European Urgarte Nobus :

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This a Urgarte Nobus :

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The BH090 were midi bus chassis with body length of 9m. The Hong Tai coaches were longer than 9m, probably modified by Soon Chow. Although it appeared to have two decks, in actual fact it has only one deck. The BH090s were powered by a 8071cc 6 cylinder Daewoo D1146TI engine with 6 speed manual gear box.

Acknowledgement : Wikimedia Commons

Nissan RX102K3

July 9, 2014

The Nissan RX102K3 were the next batch of modern city buses placed into service by STC in 1967 and 1969. The registration numbers run from STC601 to 699. These buses were powered by a UD-4 diesel 5.7 litres engine mounted at the rear generating 175hp. All the buses came with manual six speed gearboxes. A number of them were later retro-fitted with Allison automatic gears. The buses were built by Fuji Heavy Industries in Japan and shipped to Singapore on board cargo ships.
The standard liveries of all the STC buses back then were all metallic silver with red and green strips painted below the window line. These Nissans were the first to spot the new livery of bottom half painted green with a red strip just below the windows.

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The buses were configured with front entrance and centre exit doors. The doors were two leaf jackknife type, pneumatically control by the driver. The windscreen of these buses were sloped at an angle and were made up of four pieces of glass, the two extreme end curved to match the contour of the bus front. No ventrilation flaps were provided for on the windscreen unlike the buses of that time, all of which have flaps on the lower edge of the windows. Instead two openings below the windscreen were used. On the lower front of the bus just above the bumper were a cluster of three headlights on each side.
The front destination were different from the earlier Isuzus. It was divided into three sections compared to two sections on the Isuzus. The extreme right one was used for the route number whilst the other two display the two terminii. Roller blinds were used and fluorescence light placed behind the blinds which gave excellent visibility at night. On the front roof were five torpedo shaped markers lights whilst two were at the rear roof.
The Isuzus have a side destination box incorporated into the first window immediately after the entrance door, big enough to display the route number and one of the terminus, no such provisions were made for the Nissans. Instead a small window was built onto the metal body located just below the first window, big enough to just display the route number.
The windows were divided into two sections. Unlike the Isuzus whose windows can only open upwards, both half of the Nissan buses’ windows can be opened. Most of time they were opened upwards.

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The interior seating arrangement were same as the Isuzus : front facing twin seats, except for the seats over the front and rear wheel arch were aisle facing. The Nissans faced the same problems as the Isuzus, the leg room of the last two rows of seats were very cramp. The floor were constructed from solid timber beams. On the roof were eight ventrilation ports. Lightings were fluorescent type. Dashboard layout were same as those of the Isuzus with various gauges, dials and indicating lights properly laid out.
The ride quality and suspension of these buses were good compared to the spring leaf suspension type buses used during that time.

Just guessing, what will it be?

July 2, 2014

LTA announcement of taking over all the buses and depots under the new transport system modelled after London and Perth, it would be interesting to see all the buses come under one unified livery. London’s buses are all painted red whilst Perth’s are all green/white. It makes sense to paint all the buses under one unified livery. In the event that any future company which fail to meet LTA requirements and are forced to withdraw, no re-painting of buses are required, save maybe the company’s logo decal need replacement.
A London bus with the operator name at the front and side :
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Perth’s bus with operator’s name painted above the entrance door :
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Will the bus companies retain it own livery? If LTA go for unified livery, what would it look? This is the latest train painted with LTA logo and colours :
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Based on the above train livery, TheBusDude had come up with the same livery on buses.
MAN A22 :
 photo LTA2_zps7dd1684b.jpg
Mercedes Citaro :
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Volvo B9TL double decker :
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Acknowledgement : TheBusDude